Read these email exchanges as they will help you understand how difficult it is to research names further back than the 18th century,

Friday May 15, 2009

Date:

Mon, 13 Mar 2006 19:52:14 +0200

    Dear Craig,

        Thank you for your family backgound, you actually gave me more than I wanted. Researching 18th and earlier Lithuanian records is very tricky as there were no family names at that time. Also the records prior to 1795 gave no ages. What we have is a distinct family name pattern that we try to extrapolate backwards in time. This results from the fact that we are named after ancestors who are deceased and so the same names recur throughout the generations and this allows us to build up a tree. Of course if the name pattern is made of names like Abraham Isaac and Jacob, then it is a lost cause, because most families have some if not all of those names in them. However if you have names like Shakhna and Efroim, the task becomes simpler because those names are fairly rare. The other thing you must understand is that a boy was usually given two names - a Hebrew one and a Yiddish one, examples of this are Abram Yeshiahu, and Shraga Feivel. Abram as distinct from Abraham was a common name amongst the gentile people of the area. Now in their official dealings with the authorities, the Jews gave their Yiddish names, they were also their street names. The did not wish to despoil the Holy Tongue by giving their Hebrew names that were only used in the synagogue, at circumcision and on the gravestones. That is why your g-grandfather's Hebrew inscription was so important to me.

Unfortunately the names that we have adopted in the past few generations have veered away from this tradition and our ancestors would have no idea how to deal with a Craig or a Len. However at my Bar Mitzva I was called up to the Torah by the name "Arieh Leib HaCohen" Arieh Leib was the name of my maternal g-grandfather and the HaCohen signified that I was of priestly stock. The question is by what name were you called up at your Barmitzva as I do not know the practice in this respect in the Liberal synagogues. But it would be good if you could do some research in your father's and grandfather's generations. Thus I believe that your great Uncle Louis was the eldest of his generation and that his Yiddish name was probably Leib which is a recurring Rakuzhin name, so it would be great to know what Hebrew name coupled with it. We can learn a great deal about the Family naming pattern from this. The second son was usually called after the maternal side of the family and the third son back to the paternal side and so on. This however sometimes goes wrong as in my case. When I was born, both my grandfathers were living, My late father was called after his grandfather (my paternal great grandfather) so instead I was called after my maternal great grandfather - nothing is ever simple. As regard the dating, it goes something like this, I have to find in the 1834 Revision Lists, members of the Rakuzhin family born before 1795. I then take those names and dates to the 1795 census (remember without family names but in this case with ages). Then I will have to got through the records for Zagare and what are called the Zagare Estates. In the 18th century many Jews lived on the noble estates in the small villages running taverns and inn and manufacturing alcoholic drinks. I will have to go through the documents name by name and not only relating these names to the one that I have from the 1834 Revision Lists but also looking for families with similar naming patterns. Having done that I will try and apply my findings to the 1784 and 1765 censuses. The 1784 one is problematic as it is a very superficial census (I will explain this when I get around to writing up a bit of background history on the movement of Jews in Lithuania in the 18th century) By the time of these later censuses I will have no ages, so I will have to calculate them on the basis that a generation is 25 or 30 years (there are two schools of thought amongst genealogists on this subject). Hope fully, by the time I finish all that and it is a lot more work than you might think, I will have your family going back to the end of the 17th century.

    I am not sure when you will get the results.  So you will have to bear the delay with patience.

                                        Best Regards

                                                Len Yodaiken

Here is the base list that Len was working from

 

Unk means unknown

Descendants of Efroim Rakuzhin

1 Efroim Rakuzhin 1753 -

.... +Unk.

..... 2 Yankel Rakuzhin 1770 - 1820

........... +Rivka 1786 -

............ 3 Khaim Rakuzhin 1793 -

.................. +Unk.

................... 4 Yankel Rakuzhin 1820 -

......................... +Sore bat Mendel 1821 -

.......................... 5 Abram Rakuzhin 1834 -

................................ +Rivka 1838 -

.......................... 5 Malka Rakuzhin 1846 -

.......................... 5 Gitel Rakuzhin 1847 -

................... 4 Shneier Rakuzhin 1826 -

......................... +Rivka bat. Shmuel 1830 -

.......................... 5 Sore Rakuzhin 1850 -

............ 3 Efroim Rakuzhin 1808 -

............ 3 Markus Rakuzhin 1812 -

.................. +Sora Sheyna 1814 -

................... 4 Yosel Rakuzhin 1848 -

......................... +Unk.

.......................... 5 Girsh-Naoman Rakuzhin

................... 4 Yankel Rakuzhin 1851 -

................... 4 Feyga Rakuzhin

................... 4 Rochel Rakuzhin

............ 3 Rubin Ruvel Rakuzhin 1818 -

.................. +Rivka bat Feivel 1823 -

................... 4 Frume Rakuzhin 1842 -

................... 4 Faivush Shraga Rakuzhin 1845 -

......................... +Unk.

.......................... 5 Abraham Yisiahu Coussin 1869 - 1947

................................ +Mina Stegol {Steingold}

.................................. 6 Louis Coussin 1892 -

.................................. 6 Thomas Coussin 1895 -

.................................. 6 Leah Coussin 1897 -

.................................. 6 Bessie Coussin 1900 -

.................................. 6 Barnet Coussin 1902 -

.................................. 6 Fanny Coussin 1905 -

.................................. 6 Hannah Coussin 1907 -

.................................. 6 Judah Coussin 1909 -

.......................... 5 Hyman Chaim Coussin (Brother to Abraham and Morris) 1879 -

................... 4 Hatskel Rakuzhin 1847 -

................... 4 Eliash Rakuzhin

............ 3 Volf Rakuzhin 1820 -

.................. +Slova bat Meyer 1820 -

................... 4 Sore Rakuzhin 1847 -

............ 3 Yosel Rakuzhin 1822 -

............ 3 Leib Rakuzhin 1828 -

.................. +Chane Freyde bat Shalom 1830 -

................... 4 Yankel Yosel Rakuzhin 1852 -

............ 3 Esther Rakuzhin 1830 -

..... *2nd Wife of Yankel Rakuzhin:

2

........... +Unk.

............ 3 Tsalel Rakuzhin 1795 - 1807

.................. +Unk.

................... 4 Tsalel Rakuzhin 1807 -

......................... +Beile bat Menashe 1808 -

.......................... 5 Menashe Rakuzhin 1835 -

................................ +Gerty 1837 -

.................................. 6 Hyman Rakusen 1868 - 1940

........................................ +Tilly Toby Klein 1868 - 1942

......................................... 7 Menasse Nat Rakusen

............................................... +Julie

................................................ 8 Ronald Rakusen

...................................................... +Christine Rogers

....................................................... 9 Claire Nicole Rakusen

....................................................... 9 Annete Elaine Rakusen

....................................................... 9 Paula Julie Rakusen

....................................................... 9 Mark Nathan Rakusen

......................................... 7 Maurice Rakusen

............................................... +Margerite Michaelson

......................................... *2nd Wife of Maurice Rakusen:

............................................... +Jean

................................................ 8 Toby Theo Rakusen

................................................ 8 Hyman Samuel Rakusen

...................................................... +Susan Lane

....................................................... 9 Martyn Rakusen

....................................................... 9 Phillip Rakusen

......................................... 7 Bessie Rakusen

............................................... +Morris Rothchild

................................................ 8 Pearl Rothchild

...................................................... +Nat Dennerstein

....................................................... 9 Jackalyn Dennerstein

............................................................. +Anthony Bednar

.............................................................. 10 Victoria Bednar

.............................................................. 10 Georgina Bednar

....................................................... 9 Neil Dennerstein

................................................ 8 Sylvia Rothchild

...................................................... +Jack Shulman

....................................................... 9 Beryl Shulman

............................................................. +Michael Garside

.............................................................. 10 Daniel Garside

................................................ 8 Rochelle Lee Shelly Rothchild

...................................................... +Morris Moe Spector

................................................ 8 Heather Rothchild

...................................................... +Zigmund Strauss

....................................................... 9 Beth Strauss

............................................................. +Martin Falk

.............................................................. 10 Rebecca Falk

.............................................................. 10 Matthew Aron Falk

.............................................................. 10 Other Falk

....................................................... 9 Michael Strauss

......................................... 7 Netta Rakusen

............................................... +David Goldberg

3

................................................ 8 Ruth Goldberg

...................................................... +Sydney Lachs

....................................................... 9 Elaine Lachs

............................................................. +Jorgan Unk.

....................................................... 9 Dena Lachs

............................................................. +Gideon Unk.

....................................................... 9 Sandra Lachs

............................................................. +Tzvi Vinder

....................................................... 9 Stuart Lachs

....................................................... 9 Ian Lachs

................................................ 8 Maurice Goldberg

...................................................... +Isobel Gerber

....................................................... 9 Amanda Goldberg

............................................................. +Josi Weiss

.............................................................. 10 Tal Weiss

.............................................................. 10 Dunit Weiss

.............................................................. 10 Shelly Weiss

.............................................................. 10 Micky Weiss

....................................................... 9 Arieh Goldberg

................................................ 8 Jeffrey Goldberg

...................................................... +Anne Swinger

....................................................... 9 Danny Goldberg

............................................................. +Unk.

....................................................... 9 Andrew Goldberg

....................................................... 9 Martin Goldberg

......................................... 7 Rose Rakusen 1901 - 1981

............................................... +Morris Jonny Jackson 1895 - 1977

................................................ 8 Michael Jackson Jackson

...................................................... +Gloria Hill

....................................................... 9 Stuart Bernard Jackson

............................................................. +Lorna Unk.

.............................................................. 10 Rebecca Jackson

....................................................... 9 Susan Debra Jackson

................................................ 8 Ronald Jackson

.................................. 6 Samuel Rakuzhin 1870 -

........................................ +Sara

......................................... 7 Charlie Rakuzhin - 1957

............................................... +Lucille

......................................... 7 Anne Rakuzhin

............................................... +Michael Sobell (Sir)

................................................ 8 Hilda Sobell

...................................................... +Unk. Ruben

................................................ 8 Netta Sobell

...................................................... +Arnold Weinstock (Lord)

......................................... 7 Florence Rakuzhin

............................................... +David Sadovsky

................................................ 8 Aubrey Sadovsky - 1976

...................................................... +Nesta Sadovsky

....................................................... 9 Ian Sadovsky

................................................ 8 Stuart Sadovsky Sanders

...................................................... +Unk. Sherman

................................................ *2nd Wife of Stuart Sadovsky Sanders:

4

...................................................... +Unk.

................................................ *3rd Wife of Stuart Sadovsky Sanders:

...................................................... +Kathryn Unk.

......................................... 7 Netta Rakuzhin

............................................... +Bernard Barney Glassman

................................................ 8 Sheila Glassman

...................................................... +Aubrey Rose

....................................................... 9 David Rose 1957 - 1998

....................................................... 9 Jonathon Rose

............................................................. +Caroline Cornfield

....................................................... 9 Esther Rose

............................................................. +Mr. Kurland

.............................................................. 10 Joshua Kurland

.............................................................. 10 Jessica Kurland

......................................... 7 Maurice A. Rakuzhin

............................................... +Evelyn Killpack

......................................... 7 Adele Rakuzhin

............................................... +Sydney Rackind

......................................... *2nd Husband of Adele Rakuzhin:

............................................... +Harold List

.................................. 6 Israel Rakuzhin Cussins 1872 - 1939

........................................ +Emily Sadovsky

......................................... 7 Phillip Cussins

............................................... +Doreen

......................................... *2nd Wife of Phillip Cussins:

............................................... +Valerie

......................................... 7 Leah Cussins

............................................... +Alex Woolf

................................................ 8 Harry Woolf (Lord)

...................................................... +Margarite Sassoon

................................................ 8 Douglas Woolf

................................................ 8 Patricia Woolf

...................................................... +Monty Schamiso

......................................... 7 Rita Cussins

............................................... +Samuel Bieber

......................................... 7 Menasseh Manny Cussins

............................................... +Muriel Field

................................................ 8 Audrey Cussins

...................................................... +Arnold Rubin

....................................................... 9 Alison Rubin

....................................................... 9 Muriel Rubin

............................................................. +David Zucker

....................................................... 9 Richard Morris Emile

............................................................. +Lesley Gold

....................................................... 9 Victoria Emily Rubin

............................................................. +Michael Kaye

................................................ 8 John Cussins

......................................... *2nd Wife of Menasseh Manny Cussins:

............................................... +Dinky

................................................ 8 Anne-Marie Cussins

................................................ 8 Girl Cussins

................................................ 8 Adrian Cussins

5

...................................................... +Chris Thompson

......................................... 7 Blanche Cussins

............................................... +Unk.

................................................ 8 Joan Cussins

...................................................... +David Bieber

....................................................... 9 Unk Bieber

.................................. 6 Betsy Rakuzhin 1874 -

.................................. 6 Leah Rakuzhin 1879 -

.......................... 5 Mikhle Rakuzhin 1856 -

.......................... 5 Khaya Rakuzhin 1839 -

............ 3 Khaim Rakuzhin 1791 -

.................. +Dushke 1794 -

................... 4 Yankel Rakuzhin 1820 -

......................... +Sore 1820 -

................... 4 Frume Rakuzhin 1824 -

................... 4 Shneier Rakuzhin 1830 -

..... 2 Ruvel Rakuzhin 1780 -

........... +Unk.

............ 3 Eliash Rakuzhin 1801 -

.................. +Unk.

................... 4 David Rakuzhin 1823 -

......................... +Chaya bat Shaya 1820 -

.......................... 5 Golda Rakuzhin 1849 -

.......................... 5 Sore Rakuzhin 1851 -

.......................... 5 Leib Rakuzhin 1852 -

................................ +Marjasha Aronstamm

.......................... 5 Malka Rakuzhin 1856 -

................... 4 Hatskel Rakuzhin 1826 -

......................... +Nechame bat Ruvel 1830 -

.......................... 5 Ruvel Rakuzhin 1851 -

................... 4 Volf Rakuzhin 1831 -

......................... +Zisle bat Zalman 1833 -

................... 4 Yankel Rakuzhin 1834 -

......................... +Pessa bat Hirsh 1837 -

..... 2 Leiba Rakuzhin 1781 -

........... +Unk.

............ 3 Efroim Elia Rakuzhin 1806 -

.................. +Chaya Elke bat Moshe 1806 -